Feasibility and impact of a one-stop thyroid clinic in a low- and middle-income country

Keywords: one-stop thyroid clinic, low- and middle-income country, thyroid

Abstract

Background: The study was done to evaluate the feasibility, safety and outcomes of a one-stop thyroid clinic (OSTC) in a low- and middle-income country (LMIC) setting.

Methods: This was a prospective non-randomised case control study consisting of patients with thyroid nodules evaluated and managed at a tertiary referral centre in an LMIC between February 2019 and January 2020. Patients were divided into two groups based on the kind of preoperative evaluation protocol: OSTC group (= 118) – OSTC protocol, and control group (CG, n = 108) – routine protocol.

Results: Baseline clinical characteristics of the two groups including median age (p = 0.13) and gender distribution (p = 0.76) were comparable. The majority of patients in both groups belonged to a low-income group (46.6% vs 47.3%; p = 0.91), followed by a middle-income group (35.6% vs 30.5%; p = 0.41). The median number of outpatient department visits (1 vs 3 days; p = < 0.001), waiting time for neck ultrasonography (1 vs 3 days; p = < 0.0001), fine needle aspiration cytology (1 vs 2 days; p = < 0.0001), and out of pocket expenditure (INR 3 965 vs 6 624; p = < 0.001) was significantly less in the OSTC group compared to the CG. Patients in the OSTC group reported better satisfaction levels (p = < 0.0001). Accuracy of diagnosis did not differ between the two groups (p = 0.14).

Conclusion: OSTC practice is feasible, provides comparative clinical outcomes and seems cost effective in an LMIC. This protocol can be adopted as a routine practice in any health system.

Author Biographies

A Krishna, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Endocrine Surgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, India

S K Mishra, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Endocrine Surgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, India

A Mishra, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Endocrine Surgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, India

S Kumar, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Radiology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, India

R N Rao, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Pathology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, India

S Yadav, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Endocrinology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, India

S Mayilvaganan, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Endocrine Surgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, India

G Chand, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Endocrine Surgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, India

G Agarwal, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Endocrine Surgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, India

A Agarwal, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Endocrine Surgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, India

Published
2022-09-21
How to Cite
Krishna, A., Mishra, S., Mishra, A., Kumar, S., Rao, R., Yadav, S., Mayilvaganan, S., Chand, G., Agarwal, G., & Agarwal, A. (2022). Feasibility and impact of a one-stop thyroid clinic in a low- and middle-income country. South African Journal of Surgery, 60(3), 189-194. Retrieved from http://sajs.redbricklibrary.co.za/index.php/sajs/article/view/3633
Section
Endocrine Surgery